Donald L. Friedland, president of DLF Electric, Inc. in Willoughby, Ohio, asks the question, "How often do you see fusible live front knife switches and splices in something resembling a milk chute?". He adds, "This was found in a 4,000+ sq ft home valued at almost $1,000,000!"

Friedland provided these additional details for us to review.

  • Junction box might have originally been used to house an "A" type meter.
  • The feeder enters through the concrete floor in the basement into a fusible 100A disconnect.
  • The load side wires (No. 6 TW) proceed up though the J box.
  • Conduit to meter contains both line and load conductors (no ground).
  • Load conductors return to J box and feed exposed knife switches (60A).
  • Feeders to sub panels (see splices) are both before and after the meter.

Most of what we see here would never meet present Code rules. In fact, there's a good chance this installation was never even inspected by the AHJ.

Many sections throughout Articles 110, 230, 240, and 250 could be cited here. We could call attention to those that appear to be violated, but let's just keep it simple and agree that this work was performed by a non-qualified person.

As noted in Art. 100, a qualified person is "one who has skills and knowledge related to the construction and operation of the electrical equipment and installations and has received safety training to recognize and avoid the hazards involved." An Informational Note following this definition states, "Refer to NFPA 70E-2009, Standard for Electrical Safety in the Workplace, for electrical safety training requirements."

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