GTM Research and the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) today released "U.S. Solar Market Insight: 2nd Quarter 2012." The report finds that U.S. solar achieved its second-best quarter in history, having installed 742MW of solar power, and the best quarter on record for the utility market segment. Utility installations hit 477MW in the second quarter, with eight states posting utility installations of 10MW or greater: California, Arizona, Nevada, Texas, Illinois, North Carolina, New Mexico, and New Jersey. In total, the United States now has 5,700MW of installed solar capacity, enough to power more than 940,000 households.

According to "U.S. Solar Market Insight: 2nd Quarter 2012," the utility photovoltaic (PV) market will remain strong through the last two quarters of 2012. With 3,400MW of utility PV projects currently under construction, and weighted U.S. average system prices 10% lower than the previous quarter, GTM Research forecasts an additional 1.1GW of utility PV to begin operating before year’s end. The report forecasts a total of 3,200MW, or 3.2 GW, of PV will be installed in the United States in 2012, up 71% over 2011.

“The U.S. solar industry is rapidly growing and creating jobs across America despite the slow economic recovery,” said Rhone Resch, president and CEO of SEIA. “More solar was installed in the United States this quarter than in all of 2009, led for the first time by record-setting utility-scale projects. With costs continuing to come down, solar is affordable today for more homes, businesses, utilities, and the military. Smart, consistent, long-term policy is driving the innovation and investment that’s making solar a larger share of our overall energy mix.”

For the fourth consecutive quarter, the U.S. residential solar market grew incrementally, installing 98.2MW. California, Arizona, and New Jersey led residential installations nationally, with smaller-market states of Hawaii, Massachusetts, and Maryland demonstrating strong quarter-over-quarter growth.

In addition, the residential segment continues to be highlighted by consumer acceptance of third-party solar ownership models. The major state markets in California, Arizona, and Colorado all saw third-party residential solar account for greater than 70% of total Q2 2012 installations. U.S. "Solar Market Insight: 2nd Quarter 2012" finds that in the California market, this quarter marks the first time that the average installed price of a third-party-owned system was lower than that of a system purchased outright: $5.64 per watt for third-party versus $5.84 per watt for directly-owned solar systems.

“We’re starting to see innovative PV business models take a substantial hold in the U.S. residential market,” said Shayle Kann, VP of research, GTM Research. “The success of third-party residential solar providers has attracted more than $600 million in new investments in recent months. This influx of cash into the residential space signifies the growing acceptance of solar leases and power purchase agreements as a secure investment for project investors. We expect that third-party installations will claim even more market share in the coming quarters.”

In contrast to the utility and residential markets, the nonresidential (e.g., commercial, government, nonprofit) segment contracted, falling from 291MW in Q1 2012 to 196MW this quarter. Although California (down 45%) and New Jersey (down 35%) contributed to a large part of the decline, these states were not alone. Only ten of the 24 states the report tracks individually saw quarterly growth in the non-residential market in Q2 2012. This trend was likely due to a combination of factors. In some individual markets such as New Jersey, it was a result of state-market-specific factors such as SREC oversupply. In other states, Q1 2012 had been bolstered by safe-harbored 1603 Treasury Program installations.

In addition to coverage of U.S. demand markets, "U.S. Solar Market Insight: 2nd Quarter 2012" provides insight into the state of PV component manufacturing in the United States. Global oversupply continues to be the chief challenge to U.S. PV suppliers, as wafer, cell, and module production in the U.S. fell 33%, 25% and 28% respectively in Q2 2012 as a result.

Today, the U.S. solar industry employs more than 100,000 Americans at 5,600, mostly small businesses, across all 50 states.

Key Report Findings for Q2 2012
Photovoltaics (PV):

  • PV installations totaled 742 MW in Q2 2012, up 45% over Q1 2012 and 116% over Q2 2011
  • The residential market remained relatively flat in Q2, while the nonresidential market shrank 33% on a quarterly basis
  • Q2 2012 was the largest quarter ever for utility PV installations, as more than 20 projects were completed, totaling 447MW
  • There is now a cumulative 5,161MW of PV capacity spread amongst nearly 248,000 individual systems operating in the U.S. as of the end of Q2
  • GTM Research forecasts that 3.2GW of PV will be installed in the U.S. in 2012, up 71% over 2011

Concentrating Solar Power (CSP and CPV):

  • Cogentrix’s 30MW-ac CPV Alamosa Solar came on-line
  • Construction progressed at the BrightSource Ivanpah Project, with 92% of pylon installation complete at Unit 1 at the end of June
  • Two CSP projects, the 100MW Quartzsite Project and the 100MW Moapa Solar Energy Center, were expedited under President Obama’s “We Can’t Wait” initiative
  • As of the end of Q2 there is a cumulative of 546MW concentrating solar capacity operating in the United States