Some ladder safety rules depend on the type of ladder you use.
Three rules for extension ladders include:
- Secure the ladder so it can't inadvertently slide out from under you. One way to do this is to tie a lower rung to an anchor point (e.g., vertical I-beam).
- Leave at least three rungs of overlap between sections, or get a longer ladder.
- Extend the ladder so it reaches 3 ft above the top supporting point.
Three rules for step ladders include:
- Open it completely, and lock the braces.
- Rest all four feet on level footing.
- Stand only on steps that are below the top step.