Jim Hancock, a supervisor with Howard Organization, Inc. in Shickshinny, Pa., sent us these photos taken in a small private school in northeast Pennsylvania.


The number of Code violations associated with this building could fill many pages. Let's focus on just a few to get things started.

  • A lack of proper supports for any of the wiring methods used (Chapter 3).
  • Open knockouts, which violate 110.12(A) [Unused Openings].
  • Panelboard installed sideways, which violates 240.81. This rule states, "Circuit breakers shall clearly indicate whether they are in the open 'off' or closed 'on' position. Where circuit breaker handles are operated vertically rather than rotationally or horizontally, the 'up' position of the handle shall be the 'on' position."


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