Last winter, outdoor process lines froze repeatedly. All of these lines had some sort of freeze protection. The ones of major concern were heat-traced. Two had steam heat-tracing, and the others had electrical heat tracing. The freezing caused the complete shutdown of entire processes required for making product. Overall, the losses through winter resulted in a 20% reduction in output. The late orders and lost revenue are of particular concern to management and they want the problem ...

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